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SIKU YA KUNENETA DUNIANI - Muungano dhidi ya Unene

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“Rejecting Policies that Vilify Nutrients. Advocating for an Integrated Interdisciplinary Approach”.

Prof. Carruba (University of Milan): “Obesity Must Be Integrated into Essential Levels of Care.”

Prof. Paganini (Competere.Eu): “Empowering Consumer Food Awareness. Urgent Rediscovery of the Balance of the Mediterranean Diet.”

Milan, Machi 4, 2024 - “Obesity poses an escalating global challenge, often characterized as an invisible epidemic affecting over a billion individuals worldwide, with 380 million under the age of 15. The severity of this epidemic is such that by 2030, we might witness a reduction in life expectancy due to obesity-related complications—a phenomenon unprecedented in human history. Projections suggest that by 2035, the number of obese individuals could soar to 4 billion, nearly half the projected global population.” This alarming statement was issued today on World Obesity Day by Michele Carruba, Rais wa Heshima wa Kituo cha Utafiti na Utafiti wa Kunenepa (CSRO) katika Chuo Kikuu cha Milan, na Pietro Paganini, President of the Competere – Policy for Sustainable Development.

Carruba na Paganini ni viongozi wakuu katika Muungano wa Kimataifa dhidi ya Unene uliopitiliza, ambao ulikutana kwa mara ya kwanza Januari 19 katika Chuo Kikuu cha Milan, wakizindua mfululizo wa makongamano ya kimataifa kuhusu utapiamlo uliokithiri.

“Today, obesity isn’t classified as a disease in its own right,” explains Carruba, “but it is closely entwined with numerous non-communicable diseases, themselves among the primary global causes of mortality.”

Kulingana na tafiti zilizofanywa na Muungano, hali ya kiuchumi ya mgogoro huu inakadiriwa kuwa karibu dola trilioni 2, bila kusababisha hasara inayohusiana na kupungua kwa uzalishaji na athari za kijamii za unyanyapaa.

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“In the face of this scenario” – notes Paganini, author of ‘iFood: Escaping Food Ideology’, “it’s evident that current public health policies have yet to yield the desired outcomes. I particularly reference the introduction of simplified nutritional labeling, such as Nutriscore, and fiscal policies targeting high-sugar and high-saturated-fat foods. These measures inadvertently curtail freedom of choice and undermine dietary diversity, while also unfairly vilifying specific nutrients without addressing the multifaceted roots of obesity.”

Muungano unadai kuwa unene ni suala lenye vipengele vingi linaloathiriwa na maelfu ya mambo, ikiwa ni pamoja na jeni, kimetaboliki, mtindo wa maisha, na ustawi wa kisaikolojia. Utata huu unasisitiza kutokuwepo kwa suluhisho la ukubwa mmoja na inasisitiza ulazima wa mbinu jumuishi inayojumuisha lishe bora, maisha hai, na elimu dhabiti ya lishe inayokuza fikra na ufahamu wa kina.

According to Paganini, urgent action is imperative to “cultivate a health-centric culture valuing equilibrium over imposition, offering a path out of this crisis. Educating individuals about the importance of a balanced lifestyle demands time and dedication, yet it’s essential for equipping future generations to confront the challenges associated with obesity. Our mission is to advocate for policies and initiatives bolstering nutritional education, while simultaneously expanding access to nutritious foods and active living options for all.”

Ndani ya mfumo huu wa fani mbalimbali, Muungano dhidi ya Unene uliopitiliza uliibuka, ukiongozwa na zaidi ya wanasayansi 30 kutoka taaluma mbalimbali zinazowakilisha vyuo vikuu kote Ulaya. Madhumuni ya jumuiya hii changa ya wanasayansi ni kulazimisha taasisi kutambua unene kama suala lenye pande nyingi, kukusanya wasomi, watafiti, na wanafikra kutoka nyanja tofauti ili kushughulikia kwa pamoja janga la utapiamlo kupita kiasi.

“Being obese,” adds Carruba, “shouldn’t be construed as a failure to regulate food intake but rather as a malady stemming from the dysregulation of the homeostatic system governing energy metabolism and food consumption. Science confirms obesity as a treatable and preventable condition. Given its intricate interplay of environmental, psychological, and genetic factors, addressing it necessitates an integrated interdisciplinary approach, incorporating psychological support, pharmacological interventions, or, in extreme cases, surgical intervention. However, as of today, we do not have enough medical professionals capable of effectively addressing the obesity problem. Hence, it’s imperative to establish a new medical specialty dedicated to managing this condition. With obesity escalating at an alarming pace, even prompt intervention would necessitate at least a decade to amass an adequate cohort of proficient physicians. Failure to act expeditiously risks rendering the national healthcare system financially untenable. In conclusion, it’s paramount to acknowledge obesity as a disease and integrate it into the Essential Levels of Care (Lea).”

Picha na Louis Hansel on Unsplash

Shiriki nakala hii:

EU Reporter huchapisha makala kutoka vyanzo mbalimbali vya nje ambavyo vinaeleza mitazamo mbalimbali. Nafasi zilizochukuliwa katika makala haya si lazima ziwe za Mtangazaji wa Umoja wa Ulaya.

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