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EU

Frontex yatangaza uchunguzi wa ndani juu ya ripoti za vyombo vya habari juu ya machafuko huko Aegean

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Wiki iliyopita (23 Oktoba) Bellingcat * aliripoti kwamba wakala wa mpaka wa EU, Frontex, alikuwa amehusika katika mapigano haramu.

Alipoulizwa kuhusu kuripoti (26 Oktoba) Adalbert Jahnz, msemaji wa Tume ya Ulaya juu ya uhamiaji alisema: "Kwa kweli tumeona ripoti ya Bellingcat na media zingine kadhaa na tunalichukulia jambo hili kwa umakini sana. Tume ina wasiwasi sana kuhusu ripoti za kushinikiza au aina zingine za kutofuata sheria za EU, pamoja na kinga za kulinda haki za kimsingi na haki ya kupata hifadhi. "

Jahnz alisema kwamba Kamishna wa Mambo ya Ndani, Ylva Johansson alikuwa akiwasiliana na mkurugenzi mtendaji wa mamlaka ya Frontex na Ugiriki, Tume hiyo: Tunaendelea kuwasiliana kwa karibu na viongozi wote wa Uigiriki na Frontex kuhusiana na ufuatiliaji unaohitajika. "

Leo (27 Oktoba), Frontex ilitangaza uchunguzi wa ndani kuhusu ripoti za vyombo vya habari, lakini ikaongeza kuwa: "hakuna hati au vifaa vingine vimepatikana kuthibitisha madai yoyote ya ukiukaji wa sheria, au Kanuni ya Maadili ya Frontex na maafisa waliopelekwa."

Mkurugenzi Mtendaji wa Frontex Fabrice Leggeri, alisema: "Katika mazungumzo yetu na mawasiliano, nilimjulisha Kamishna wa EU Ylva Johansson kwamba tunaangalia mashtaka yaliyotolewa na mashirika kadhaa ya habari yanayohusiana na shughuli zetu katika mipaka ya nje ya Ugiriki. Tunakusudia kuzingatia viwango vya juu zaidi vya kulinda mipaka katika shughuli zetu zote na hatuvumilii ukiukaji wowote wa haki za kimsingi katika shughuli zetu zozote. ”

Frontex haina jukumu la kuchunguza shughuli za nchi wanachama wa EU, lakini imefanya uchunguzi mbili katika "mazungumzo ya kiutendaji" na Ugiriki na haikupata ushahidi wowote wa vitendo haramu katika tukio moja na bado wanaangalia lingine. Frontex inasema kuwa hali mashariki mwa Aegean imekuwa ngumu kwa meli zilizotumwa na Frontex kufanya doria kwa sababu ya kutokubaliana kati ya Ugiriki na Uturuki juu ya mipaka yao ya baharini, inasema kuwa hii imeathiri shughuli za utaftaji na uokoaji katika eneo hilo. 

A uchunguzi wa pamoja na Bellingcat, Ripoti za Lighthouse, Der Spiegel, ARD na TV Asahi, ambayo ilipokea ruzuku kutoka kwa Uandishi wa Habari za Uchunguzi kwa Uropa mfuko uligundua kuwa mali ya Frontex ilihusika katika tukio moja la kurudisha nyuma kwenye mpaka wa baharini wa Uigiriki na Uturuki katika Bahari ya Aegean, walikuwepo na walikuwa karibu na manne mengine tangu Machi. Kushinikiza au 'kuongeza tena' ni marufuku chini ya sheria za kimataifa.

* Bellingcat ni kikundi huru cha kimataifa cha watafiti, wachunguzi na waandishi wa habari raia

Brexit

Uingereza inaning'inia juu ya enzi kuu wakati mazungumzo ya biashara ya Brexit karibu na kilele

Imechapishwa

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European Union officials said today (4 December) a post-Brexit trade deal could finally be clinched this weekend, but London insisted that negotiations were still “very difficult” and it was determined to “take back control” from the bloc it left 10 months ago, kuandika na

With less than four weeks left until the United Kingdom finally leaves the EU’s orbit on 31 December, one EU official told Reuters that a deal was “imminent” and another suggested that it was days away.

However, Britain sounded a less optimistic note after talks in London snagged late on Thursday (3 December).

“There are still some issues to overcome. Time is in very short supply, and we’re at a very difficult point in the talks,” a spokesman for British Prime Minister Boris Johnson told reporters.

“What is certain is that we will not be able to agree a deal that does not respect our fundamental principles on sovereignty and taking back control.”

Ultimately, Johnson - the face of the 2016 Brexit referendum campaign who is now grappling with Europe’s highest official COVID-19 death toll - will have to decide whether he and Britain would be better off making compromises or walking away.

For weeks, EU chief negotiator Michel Barnier and his British counterpart David Frost have been discussing fisheries, state aid and how to resolve future disputes so that an overall agreement governing almost $1 trillion of annual trade can proceed.

The EU challenged Britain to decide what future it wants for itself outside the bloc’s single market and customs union after 47 years as a member of the union.

“The real question is - which political, economic, social project do they want for their own future?” European Council President Charles Michel said. “And this is a question for the British government and for the British people.”

As investors tried to fathom from conflicting rhetoric whether the talks were close to the finish line or in serious trouble, a gauge of how volatile the pound is expected to be over the next week rose to its highest level since March.

Britain formally left the EU on 31 January but has been in a transition period since then under which rules on trade, travel and business remain unchanged. From the end of the year, it will be treated by Brussels as a third country.

If the two sides fail to reach a deal, the five-year Brexit divorce will end in disorder just as Europe grapples with the vast economic cost of the COVID-19 outbreak.

A no-deal exit is the nightmare scenario for businesses and investors, who say it would snarl borders, spook financial markets and sow chaos through supply chains that stretch across Europe and beyond.

A British government source said the EU had disrupted talks late on Thursday by trying to force further concessions.

“At the 11th hour, the EU is bringing new elements into the negotiation. A breakthrough is still possible in the next few days but that prospect is receding,” the source said.

French European Affairs Minister Clement Beaune told Europe 1 Radio there was still a risk that talks would fail but added: “I want to tell our fishermen, our producers, the citizens who are listening that we will not accept a deal with bad terms.

“If a good agreement cannot be reached, we will oppose it. Each country has a veto right, so it is possible .We will do our own evaluation of this draft deal, if there is one.”

EU sources said discussions centred around the “level playing field”, meaning agreed principles on state aid and minimum labour and environmental standards, as well as the “effective remedies” that each side could take in case of suspected infringements.

“We are at a critical phase,” Business Secretary Alok Sharma told Sky TV. “It is fair to say that we are in a difficult phase, there are some tricky issues still to be resolved.”

Endelea Kusoma

EU

Mkakati wa EC Pharma: Hatua za kwanza kuelekea tasnia endelevu zaidi?

Imechapishwa

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Siku ya Jumatano 25 Novemba, Tume ya Ulaya ilichapisha Mkakati wake wa Dawa, hatua ya kwanza ya kushughulikia udhaifu wa kimkakati ambao unahatarisha uwezo wa Ulaya kupata wagonjwa wa usambazaji wa dawa muhimu, pamoja na zile za msingi na muhimu kama paracetamol. Ufikiaji wa kutabirika na endelevu wa dawa bora unakaa katikati ya ajenda ya afya ya Ulaya na ujasiri wa mgonjwa kuwa kile kilicho kwenye baraza la mawaziri la dawa leo kitakuwapo kesho. Mkakati uliotolewa na Tume ya Ulaya inawakilisha fursa ya kizazi kimoja kufanya ugavi huko Uropa uweze kudumu na kutoa dawa kwa wagonjwa wakati na wapi wanahitaji ikiwa utekelezaji wake unafanywa kwa njia sahihi, anaandika Richard Daniell, anayeongoza Teva barani Ulaya.

Vyema, na kwa mara ya kwanza, Mkakati wa Ulaya unatambua ugumu na thamani ya kupata mlolongo mzima wa thamani ya dawa, kutoka kwa uzalishaji hadi usambazaji kwa wagonjwa na vile vile madereva ambayo yanazuia usalama wa usambazaji. Kwa muda mrefu sana, mchanganyiko wa hali ngumu ya udhibiti na hali ya soko isiyodumu imesababisha "mbio-hadi-chini" juu ya bei muhimu ya dawa, ikidhuru uwekezaji wa Uropa katika utengenezaji na uunganishaji wa ugavi na kuunda udhaifu ambao umefunuliwa wakati wa Mgogoro wa COVID-19.

Katika muongo mmoja uliopita, Ulaya imekuwa ikitegemea zaidi kile kinachoitwa 'nchi za tatu' - mataifa yasiyo ya EU - kusambaza viungo muhimu vya dawa (APIs) na dawa muhimu. Mnamo 2000, Ulaya ilishikilia zaidi ya nusu ya leseni za kutengeneza APIs ambazo zinahitajika kukidhi mahitaji yake, wakati Asia ilikuwa karibu theluthi.

Sasa, hali imebadilika, na kwa zaidi ya miaka 20 iliyopita uwiano wa API umebadilika kabisa, na moja kati ya APIs sita zinahitajika Ulaya tu zinazozalishwa nchini China. Mkusanyiko wa kijiografia wa tasnia ya utengenezaji wa API ya Asia - katika mikoa maalum ya China na India - sasa inamaanisha kuwa ugavi wa bara la Ulaya umefunuliwa sana na shida za kijiografia, mazingira na kisiasa katika maeneo hayo. Kwa hivyo ilikuwa muhimu sana kwamba mkakati ulizama kwa kina katika sababu za msingi ambazo zinaendesha uwekezaji kutoka Ulaya na kusababisha uhaba, na kupendekeza suluhisho halisi za kuzishughulikia. Ikiwa wabunge wa Uropa wako makini juu ya kukabiliana na hatari hizi, wanahitaji kushughulikia mambo ya kifedha na ya udhibiti ambayo yameondoa tasnia. Kwa hivyo inatia moyo kuona kwamba Tume imetoa mapendekezo kadhaa ya kushughulikia baadhi ya sababu za msingi zinazoathiri usalama wa usambazaji.

Walakini, kugeuza hali hiyo itahitaji mazungumzo ya wazi na dhahiri jinsi tunathamini utengenezaji wa dawa muhimu huko Uropa, Hali-quo - ambapo dhamana ya dawa imedhamiriwa tu na bei yake, na ambapo serikali za udhibiti za Ulaya zinacheza vizuri dhidi ya Uendelevu wa utengenezaji wa Ulaya na usalama wa usambazaji - hautoshei kusudi.

Kwa hivyo, kama tulivyosema tunahitaji kuanza kuangalia sio tu kwa gharama bali pia kwa thamani ambayo kuwa na mtandao endelevu wa utengenezaji na alama huko Ulaya kunaleta. Hatutaweza kutengeneza kila kitu huko Uropa. Hatusemi hivyo. Usambazaji wa mnyororo wa usambazaji utabaki kuwa muhimu, lakini lazima tuhakikishe kuwa mageuzi ya kimfumo na endelevu ya sera yatasisitiza azma hiyo.

Madawa ya Dawa Ulaya inakaribisha kwamba Tume imetambua udhaifu kadhaa unaokwamisha utengenezaji wa dawa na ugavi wa bara na mchango wake wa mabilioni ya euro kwenye mifumo na huduma za afya za Uropa.

Jambo la kuzingatia ni chachu ya kujenga mazingira ya kisasa, yaliyokadiriwa ambayo yatasaidia uendelevu wa uchumi na mazingira na pia kutoa fursa ya majadiliano ya ukweli juu ya hitaji la kubuni taratibu nzuri za ununuzi.

Walakini, bado kuna fursa kubwa zaidi za kuboresha, na mkakati unaweza kupungukiwa - ikiwa mapendekezo yake hayatapatikana ili kupata alama ya utengenezaji na ushindani wa Uropa.

Lakini tunahimizwa kwamba hatua zingine zinaonyesha utayari wa wazi wa EC kuzama kwa kina katika sababu za msingi ambazo zinaonyesha Wagonjwa wa Ulaya uwezo wa kupata dawa zao pale wanapohitaji, wakati wanazihitaji. Walakini, tukisonga mbele, tutazingatia wazi utekelezaji wa Mkakati. Kuna mengi sana hatarini kuikosea.

Kama mmoja wa wazalishaji wakubwa wa dawa ulimwenguni, akiajiri watu 20,000 huko Uropa (ambao karibu 60% wako kwenye utengenezaji) sawa na mchango wa karibu $ 26bn kwa Pato la Taifa la nchi 12 za EU Teva anatazamia kuendelea kushirikiana na Tume ya Ulaya, na wadau wengine wanaohusika, kuhakikisha dawa bora zinapatikana kwa wote. Na kwamba tasnia hii muhimu kimkakati inabaki kuwa faida ya ushindani kwa Uropa, haswa wakati ambapo kupona kwa uchumi na umma kunafungamana.

Endelea Kusoma

China

Amerika inataka kukata makubaliano na bosi wa kifedha wa Huawei aliyekamatwa

Imechapishwa

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Idara ya Sheria ya Amerika inaweza kukata makubaliano na mkuu wa fedha wa Huawei Meng Wanzhou (Pichani). Pendekezo hilo litamruhusu Meng kurudi China kutoka Canada - ambapo alikamatwa. Walakini, Meng atalazimika kukubali makosa katika kesi hiyo, ripoti hiyo Wall Street Journal.

Meng anatuhumiwa nchini Merika kwa madai ya kukiuka vikwazo kwa Iran. Anakabiliwa na mashtaka ya udanganyifu wa benki kwa kudhaniwa kupotosha HSBC kwa njia ambayo inaweza kuvunja vikwazo. Bi Meng alikamatwa miaka miwili iliyopita wiki hii kwa hati ya Amerika wakati akibadilisha ndege huko Vancouver. Yuko kwa dhamana lakini hajaruhusiwa kuondoka Vancouver.

Meng anasisitiza kuwa hajafanya chochote kibaya. Inasemekana kuwa "anasita" kutoa udhibitisho wowote ambao anaamini kuwa sio ukweli. Anaendelea kukamatwa kwake alikuwa na nia ya kisiasa. Rais anayemaliza muda wake Donal Trump alipambana na kampeni ya kila siku dhidi ya Huawei. Anadai kampuni ya teknolojia hutumia vifaa vyake kupeleleza nchi na watu. Walakini, ameshindwa kutoa ushahidi wowote kuunga mkono madai yake. Meng ni binti wa mwanzilishi wa Huawei Ren Zhengfei. Kampuni ya Wachina na Meng wanasemekana kula njama ya kulaghai HSBC kwa kupotosha uhusiano wake na Skycom. Mamlaka huko Amerika wanadai Huawei na Bi Meng walitumia Skycom - kampuni inayoshukiwa kuwa mbele inayofanya kazi nchini Irani - kununua bidhaa zilizo na vikwazo

Kukamatwa kwa Meng pia kumesababisha msuguano wa kidiplomasia kati ya China na Canada. China ilikata uagizaji wa mbegu ya canola ya Canada. Na Wakanadia wawili walikamatwa kwa mashtaka ya ujasusi - ambayo bado hayatatuliwa. Msimamo mkali wa Trump dhidi ya Huawei pia umesababisha uhusiano kati ya Amerika na Uingereza. Uingereza ilikubali makubaliano na Huawei ili iweze kusambaza miundombinu kwa mtandao mpya wa 5G. Lakini Waziri Mkuu Boris baadaye alifanya mabadiliko ya makubaliano. Huawei imekuwa ikikanusha madai ya upelelezi.

Endelea Kusoma
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