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Urusi na Ukraine zimeshindwa kukumbatia mpango wa IAEA wa kulinda kinu cha nyuklia

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Neither Russia nor Ukraine committed to respect five principles laid out by International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) chief Rafael Grossi on Tuesday (30 May) to try to safeguard Ukraine’s Russian-occupied Zaporizhzhia nuclear power plant.

Grossi, who spoke at the UN Security Council, has tried for months to craft an agreement to reduce the risk of a catastrophic nuclear accident from military activity like shelling at Europe’s biggest nuclear power plant.

Kanuni zake tano zilijumuisha kwamba kusiwe na shambulio lolote kwenye mtambo huo au kutoka kwa mtambo huo na kwamba hakuna silaha nzito kama vile kurusha roketi nyingi, mifumo ya mizinga na silaha, na vifaru au wanajeshi watakaowekwa hapo.

Grossi pia alitoa wito wa umeme nje ya tovuti kwa mtambo kubaki kupatikana na salama; kwa mifumo yake yote muhimu kulindwa dhidi ya mashambulizi au hujuma; na bila vitendo vyovyote vinavyodhoofisha kanuni hizi.

The UN nuclear watchdog’s chief described the situation at Zaporizhzhia as “extremely fragile and dangerous”, adding: “Military activities continue in the region and may well increase very considerably in the near future.”

While Russia said it would do all it could to protect the power plant, which it has occupied for more than a year, it did not explicitly commit to abide by Grossi’s five principles.

“Mr. Grossi’s proposals to ensure the security of the Zaporizhzhia nuclear power plant are in line with the measures that we’ve already been implementing for a long time,” Russia’s UN Ambassador Vassily Nebenzia said.

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Ukraine’s ambassador to the UN, Sergiy Kyslytsya, said the principles “must be complemented with the demand of full demilitarization and deoccupation of the station”.

Urusi na Ukraine zimelaumiana kwa ufyatuaji wa makombora ambao umepunguza mara kwa mara nyaya muhimu za kupozea mitambo hiyo, ambayo imefungwa lakini ambayo inahitaji usambazaji wa mara kwa mara wa umeme ili kuweka mafuta ya nyuklia ndani ya baridi na kuzuia uwezekano wa kuyeyuka.

Grossi described Tuesday’s meeting as “a step in the right direction,” and said the IAEA would reinforce its staff at Zaporizhzhia and track compliance with the principles.

Mataifa yenye nguvu ya Magharibi yaliishutumu Urusi, ambayo vikosi vyake viliivamia Ukraine Februari 2022, kwa kuiweka Zaporizhzhia hatarini, huku Marekani ikiitaka Urusi kuondoa silaha zake na wanajeshi wake wa kiraia na kijeshi kwenye kiwanda hicho.

“It is entirely, entirely within Moscow’s control to avert a nuclear catastrophe and to end its war of aggression against Ukraine,” US Ambassador to the UN Linda Thomas-Greenfield said.

Russia denies that it has military personnel at the power plant and it describes the war, which has killed thousands and reduced cities to rubble, as a “special military operation” to “denazify” Ukraine and protect Russian speakers.

Ukraine inautaja unyakuzi wa ardhi wa kibeberu uliochochewa na azma yake ya kuwa na uhusiano wa karibu na nchi za Magharibi baada ya historia ndefu ya kutawaliwa na Moscow.

Shiriki nakala hii:

EU Reporter huchapisha makala kutoka vyanzo mbalimbali vya nje ambavyo vinaeleza mitazamo mbalimbali. Nafasi zilizochukuliwa katika makala haya si lazima ziwe za Mtangazaji wa Umoja wa Ulaya.

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